During the summer months there is always an increase in traffic controls on the roads, and the simplest way to pass through efficiently is to have all your documents in order beforehand.
When you drive a vehicle on Spain´s roads, it is compulsory for you to carry certain documents with you in the vehicle. These documents must be the originals, not photocopies, although a notarised copy is accepted. A notarised version is a copy which has been certified by a notary and contains their official stamp.
You must carry:
Permiso de Circulacion
The Permiso de Circulacion is like what we might refer to as the logbook for a vehicle, which contains information such as the number plate, the vehicle owner and other details.
The ITV Card
An official document which relates to the technical inspection of the vehicle, the Inspección Técnica de Vehículos, or ITV. Some very new cars may not have this card as it is gradually being replaced by a centralised computer system, but if your car has one, it must be carried.
Once your vehicle is 4 years old it will have to undergo the mandatory ITV test. The ITV report details what happened during that inspection.
There are also some documents which are not compulsory, but it is advisable that you carry them with you too.
Carrying the insurance policy is NOT compulsory as the information is contained on a central computer, however, if you are involved in an incident you will need to know your policy details for the Accident Agreement, to exchange details with others involved.
European Accident Agreement
Again, it is not compulsory to carry the European Accident form, but it is advisable as it will help you ensure data is recorded correctly in the event of an incident. The forms are available in multiple languages and a laid out the same, so it also makes it easier for bridging language gaps.
It is also not compulsory to carry the information relating to the annual tax paid to municipal town halls.
You, as the driver, must also carry your driving licence. It is a criminal offence in Spain to drive without a licence and the burden of proof is on you. If you are caught without your licence you may well find yourself arrested.
Remember, it is mandatory that the documents you carry are the originals, not photocopies. The only copy that is allowed is one that has been stamped and certified by a Notary. Notarised copies of documents are allowed. There is also now an app available for your mobile phone, Mi DGT, in which your vehicle logbook and driving licence can be securely accessed. These versions are also as valid as the originals.