Why do haemorrhoids occur?

According to some experts, haemorrhoids are heavily impacted by genetics. This does not mean that there is a gene that, by itself, causes a haemorrhoid, but that some factors that are inherited that predispose a patient to suffer from this ailment.
On the other hand, there are other factors that increase the risk of suffering from hemorrhoidal syndrome, such as constipation, prolonged defecative strain or pregnancy.
Eating a balanced diet rich in fibre, with increased water intake, decreases the consistency of the faecal bolus, increasing the frequency of bowel movements and reducing the risk of haemorrhoids.
Staying at your proper weight, exercising, and avoiding some irritating foods and drinks can also help control the onset of haemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoidal pathology occurs when the venous structures that exist naturally in the anus dilate, lose their elastic capacity and prolapsed outward.
Some of the symptoms include: stinging, itching, feeling of an anal “lump” and bleeding at the end of the stool.
When not complicated, most haemorrhoids do not hurt. However, in more severe cases, they need medical treatment that may include ligation, sclerotherapy, or infrared coagulation.
In large external haemorrhoids or internal haemorrhoids that do not respond to other treatments surgery may be necessary.
What is coloproctology?
According to the team of experts in coloproctology of the general surgery service of Quirónsalud Torrevieja, coloproctology is “a specialty, within General Surgery, which is responsible for the management, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the colon, rectum and anus. It is a very important branch of medicine due to the large number of diseases it covers and its high prevalence.”
Coloproctology treats pathologies such as diverticular disease, colorectal cancer, Crohn’s disease and other diseases related to the anal and perianal region (haemorrhoids, anal fissures, abscesses and perianal fistulas).
In addition, pelvic floor alterations related to faecal incontinence are also treated in this field
Diagnosis and treatment
Due to the great variety of symptoms, the coloproctology team of Quirónsalud Torrevieja recommends patients suffering haemorrhoids to go to the doctor as soon as possible to “get an accurate diagnosis and personalised treatment“.
The diagnosis of diseases of the colon, rectum and anus is based, fundamentally, on clinical history and a physical examination.
Regarding the surgical treatment of coloproctological pathologies, it has advanced so much in recent years that interventions and postoperative times have been greatly reduced.
Minimally invasive anal surgery
With regard to anal pathology, it is committed to “minimally invasive surgery” thanks to treatments that do not require anaesthesia, without pain and without hospital admission.
In hospitals such as Quirónsalud Torrevieja it is possible to treat haemorrhoids, fissures or simple fistulas without even going through the operating theatre. “The postoperative period is simple, often without the need for follow up treatment. In addition, the new treatments are as effective as conventional ones.”
In fact, the treatment is often carried out in the same consultation, so that the patient can be diagnosed and receive treatment “in the same visit”.

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